Botanical Name: Ocimum sanctum L.
Sanskrit Name: Tulsi, Sursa, Brinda
English Name: Holy basil
Family: Labiatae
Occurrence: Planted in houses
Habit: Herb
Parts used:

Leaves, Seeds

Medicinal uses:

Leaves are expectorant. Juice of leaves are used as diaphoretic, antiperiodic and stimulating expectorant and used in catarrhal and bronchitis, dropped into the ear as remedy earache. Infusion of leaves is used as stomachic in gastric disorders of children and in hepatic affections. Dried leaves are powdered and used as snuff in ozaena. Seeds are demulcent and used in disorders of the genitourinary system. Decoction of roots is used as a diaphoretic in malarial fevers. Fresh leaves are bruished and applied the bites of mosquitoes.

Chemical constituents :


Leaves yield 0.7% essential oil. containing 71.3% Eugenol, 3.2% Carvacrol, 20.4% Methyl Eugenol and 1.7% Caryophyllene used as an expectorant, antiseptic and insect repellent.