Botanical Name: Ficus religiosa Linn.
Sanskrit Name: Aswattha
English Name: Pipal Tree
Family: Urticaceae
Occurrence: Common, roadside tree.
Habit: Tree
Parts used:

Fruit, Bark, leaves.


Medicinal uses:
The bark is considered to be astingent and it is used in gonorrhoea. Fruits have laxative property and seeds are used as cooling drug. Leaves and shoots are also used as purgative drug. Infusion of bark is given internally in scabies.The fruit juice is described to render general luster to the body. For all most all rituals for instance, iiin the upanayana or the initiation ceremony for general as well as medical education, the twigs of this plant are indispensable. The plant is considered religious tree in the Hinduism.


Chemical constituents :

 

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Bark contain 4% tennin. Liquid extract of the bark has antibacterial properties particularly against staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria.